Berkeley Street Sweeping
|SECTION 5 - EVALUATION OF ALTERNATIVES - PAGE 5|
DESCRIPTION OF ALTERNATIVES
ALTERNATIVE I - KEEP OPT OUT
The "do nothing" alternative would not fulfill both CWP and SSP objectives. An evaluation of this alternative would have limited value as continued implementation could be seen as non-compliance. Therefore, this alternative should at the very least include the following modifications:
Continued acceptance of opt out requests taxes existing resources. Staff time is spent processing, removing signage, rescheduling street sweeping routes, and inspecting additional streets. Residents were given adequate time to garner petitions-this window was February 1992.
One condition of the streets that petitioned out of the SSP is that the responsibility to clean the street would be borne by the residents. Regular Inspections would be conducted. However, due to limited resources, the enforcement has not been vigorously implemented. The rules and responsibilities need better definition to ensure that residents do not sweep or hose debris into the nearby storm inlet. Residents also need to understand the areal extent of their street for cleaning. Instruction should also be given as to how they will be reintroduced into the SSP if their responsibility is found lacking. Furthermore, staff also needs to define what constitutes a "low litter area" and what constitutes excessive noise since these as criteria determine whether or not an area is eligible to opt out.
Many streets in the city were excluded from the SSP because of the narrow and windy road conditions, and curbless streets. Services for these streets were provided by the local Leaf Removal Program. In addition, specific residential streets within the SSP and within a "heavy leaf fall area" have services provided by the Leaf Removal Program. The goals of both the SSP and Leaf Removal Program, and existing staff resources are taxed when an opt out street receives benefits from both programs. A policy should be established to ensure that this imbalance does not occur. Current staffing is inadequate to implement the Leaf Removal Program on a regular basis.
Implementation of this alternative with the aforementioned modifications will require about 1.5 full time employee (FTE). The cost estimate associated with this alternative is about $214,000. The equipment costs include an additional mechanical street sweeper at $150,000 as present sweepers are taxed by current operations; and replacement signs at $11,000 annually. The sign replacement cost was not initially included in the startup of the program, but approximately 240 signs per year are defaced, damaged, or removed. Parking enforcement cannot be implemented without posted signs. Labor costs to replace signs is assumed to be handled by existing staff. The increased efforts in public education and information could be handled by current staff involved in the CWP and Clean City Program.
ALTERNATIVE 2 - RESCIND OPT OUT
This alternative would ensure complete participation by all city residents. A huge effort in public education and information is anticipated in the startup of this alternative. Other associated BMPs may include additional sweeping resources, additional sweeper
The cost estimate associated with this alternative is $205,000. Implementation will require 1.0 FTE to operate the sweeper, install additional signage, reroute schedules, and perform leaf removal; one additional street sweeper ($150,000); annual sign replacement costs at $11,000; and additional signs for the opt out blocks ($9,000). The labor costs for installing signs in the opt out blocks is approximately $2,000 for the first year only and to replace signs annually has not been included. These labor costs were assumed to be handled by current staffing resources. The increased efforts in public education and information could be handled by current staff involved in the CWP and Clean City Program.
EVALUATION OF ALTERNATIVES
An evaluation matrix procedure was used to compare and evaluate the alternatives on criteria other than cost. Table 2 outlines cost estimates associated for additional efforts. However, other criteria dealing with City policy, aesthetics, compatibility with existing
The evaluation of each criterion was done on a positive, negative, or neutral rating. Positive (+) indicates that the alternative would have a favorable or least negative impact upon the element. Negative (-) indicates an unfavorable or most negative impact; and
The following criteria were established for evaluation purposes.
The alternatives for street sweeping include related BMPs to enhance street sweeping. However, there are many other BMPs currently implemented in the City that are not listed within each alternative because they do not pertain to street sweeping. These other BMPs are:
There are currently 4 licensed operators for the 3 mechanical sweepers to perform the residential, Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plans (SWPPP) were prepared for the Solid Waste Transfer Station, and Corporation Yard. The first SWPPP was required as part of the industrial NPDES permit for the Transfer Station, but the summary of appropriate BMPs for the facility also served as a guidance manual leading to a SWPPP for the Corporation Yard. Preparation of these plans involved discussion, site visits, and review with the appropriate supervisors. Generally, the objectives and practices were already In place as the objectives of the CWP overlap other existing programs.
Public Information and Participation
Increased public awareness and education on urban runoff pollution issues is the goal of this program that Includes: storm drain stenciling, school education, event participation, and preparation and distribution of literature. The stenciling in the City is done solely by volunteer efforts. The ACURCWP supports the Kids in Creek workshops and Bay Savers Club. A local mailing of both programs by staff have been sent to schools within Berkeley. Information on urban runoff pollution has been publicized in public events such as Earth Day, Bay Festival, Beach Cleanup, and the Alameda County fair. Some future Items are the "EcoMaster" computer game that we hope to have in schools, public libraries, and Civic Center lobby; and a public service announcement that can be modified for Berkeley.
The Engineering Division has met with utilities that do work within the city. Staff has requested that these utilities identify, outline, and submit appropriate field management practices. Public Works and Toxics Management have coordinated efforts dealing with enforcement, public education, cleanup, and protocol. The Engineering Division is now working with Planning to coordinate issues relating to new development and erosion controls.
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